MK-Vol. 17, No. 3 December 2012

Diversity of Animals in Oil Palm Plantation Area and Status Proctetion; Case study in Management Unit Area of PT. Mitrakarya Agroindo, Seruyan Regency, Central Kalimantan



Damage or degradation of forests with moderate to severe category had occurred in the region of Mitrakarya Agroindo Ltd from year 1998 to 2004. The inventory and identification of wildlife species diversity in plantation areas has done in several habitat types that still exist in this area of oil palm companies. From the observation found 25 species of mammals which belong to 17 families, 47 species of birds belonging to the 20 families and 5 species of reptiles. Protected areas of peat swamp forest and secondary forest ecosystem on mineral sois are important areas for the protection and preservation of endangered species/protected. This is indicated by it was be found 16 species of mammals, 15 species of birds and 2 species of reptiles of rare / protected category.

Keywords: ecosystem, habitat, wildlife, species, diversity.


Demand of Natural Tourism in Protected Area in Bogor



Information on tourist demand is an important key in planning the management and development of nature tourism area. The research was aimed at identifying nature tourism demand in national park (NP) and nature tourism park (NTP) in Bogor. Data was collected through literature study and questionnaires dissemination to 102 respondents of NP and NTP visitors. Result showed that there were differences between the demand of NP and NTP visitors on the characteristic of dominant age group, visiting reasons, demand of activity and facilities, visiting time, and type of visitor based on their visit to the location (repeater or first timer). Visitors of NP and NTP in Bogor were dominated by domestic tourist from Jabotabek region, and the highest number visitors were male.

Keywords: demand, tourist, national park, nature tourism park, Bogor.


Impact of pine reforestation encroachment to the physical, chemical and biological properties of land in Lake Toba Protected Areas, North Sumatra



Encroachment is one of the causes of damage to pine forests. Forest damage can cause damage to soil properties on forest land that was left after the pine forest encroachment activities. This research was conducted aiming to determine the change of physical properties, chemical properties and biological properties of soil in the pine forest encroachment caused by activities in the area of pine forest reforestation in protected areas of Lake Toba, North Sumatra. Soil sampling conducted in purposive sampling in a pine forest and open land. The study was conducted on three plots in the pine forest and open land with the size of each 20 mx 20 m (0.04 ha). In the plot is made of three subplots with a size of 1m x 1m is placed randomly for soil sampling. Observations suggest that damage to the pine forest vegetation has caused the loss of top soil layer of soil, destruction of soil structure and the increase in soil erosion. Destruction of pine forest into open land has caused damage to soil physical properties as well as significantly decreasing soil chemical properties and biological properties of soil. Forms of soil degradation caused by damage to pine forests, which is an increase in soil density (density Limbak) of 129%, a decrease of 68% organic C and soil nitrogen decreased by 23%. The main factors causing soil degradation is logging the pine forest vegetation, soil organic matter decline and erosion.

Keywords: forest encroachment, pine forests, open land, protected area, soil properties.


Captivity Technique and Daily Activities of Victoria Crowned Pigeon

(Goura victoria Fraser, 1844) in Mega Bird and Orchid Farm

Bogor, West Java



Victoria crowned pigeon (Goura victoria Fraser, 1844) is one of endemic bird species in Papua, which population had decreased in the natural habitat due to hunting activities. Ex-situ conservation through captive breeding or captivity is an alternative to sustain the bird population. Observation on it’s daily activities in captivity was expected to result in good captivity technique which would enable the preservation of it’s population and restocking of the species in their natural habitat. The cage was classified a permanent maintenance cage with 40 m × 25 m × 5 m dimensions which made from wall, iron with + 5 cm in diameter, and ram wire for roof. Facilities provided in the cage were among other perch place, eating and drinking place, nesting place, and pond. The cage was regularly cleaned twice a day and sprayed with disinfectant once a month. Temperature in the cage was between 25 – 32oC with moist air ranges between 57 – 78%. The type of diseases suffered by the victoria crowned pigeon were CRD (Chronic Respiratory Disease), intestinal worms, and leg swelling. Technique of pairing, laying or hatchery setting, and native enlargement was naturally done by victoria crowned pigeon’s parent. Factors which support the success of captive breeding management in MBOF were (a) location of the cage which away far from noise and human disturbance; (b) the hygiene, safety, and care of the cage; (c) the feeding routine given every morning and evening; (d) provision of medication and vitamins on regular basis to maintain good health and prevent disease from attacking the birds in captivity; and (e) maintenance of genetic purity and avoidance of inbreeding occurenes. Type of behavior that can be used to distinguish the sex of the victoria crowned pigeon was dancing behaviour performed by male individuals.

Keywords: victoria crowned pigeon, captive, daily activity, behaviour, breeding successfullt,


Ornithological Biodiversity in Bantimurung Bulusaraung National Park, South Sulawesi



Bantimurung Bulusaraung National Park is an important protected area in Sulawesi. This area has a high ornithological value because it holds many Sulawesi’s endemic species. Bird surveys using MacKinnon species lists and point count were conducted in three types of habitat in Bantimurung and Balocci from 23 February to 7 March 2011 and a total of 57 species were recorded, with the highest number of species found in Balocci Resort. Sixteen species were Sulawesi’s endemic.

Keywords: Bantimurung Bulusaraung National Park, birds’ biodiversity.


Correlation between Leaf Area Index with Micro Climate and Temperature Humidity Index



Air temperature and temperature humidity index in the urban was recorded as being higher compared to the surrounding area, while on the contrary the humidity is lower. Lower air temperature, increased air humidity and reduced temperature humidity index could be achieved through the development of green open space area which considered aesthetical aspect and used plants with high leaf area index. Statistical analysis showed that the increasing Leaf Area Index had caused the decrease of air temperature and the increase of humidity. These conditions reduced the value of Temperature Humidity Index and increased human comfort.

Keywords: temperature, humidity, Leaf Area Index, Temperature Humidity Index, green open space.


The Role of Culture and Tourism Agency of Bogor District in Ecotourism Development



Bogor district have a good potential of ecotourism, but recently only a few sites were developed and known by community. One of the keys to success is active participation of the stakeholders involved, particularly the Culture and Tourism Agency (CTA) of Bogor District, in introducing and offering the existing ecotourism potential. This research was conducted to identify the role of CTA of Bogor District in the development of ecotourism in Bogor. Data on action taken and policy issued by the CTA were collected through participative observation and in-depth interview using interview guidance. The result showed that the Agency had actively participated in the ecotourism development of Bogor District, and built cooperation or partnership with various stakeholders. However, the Agency’s policy should be synchronized with the policy of other stakeholder in the ecotourism development of Bogor District.

Keyword: Department of Culture and Tourism – Bogor district, Role, Development, Ecotourism.


Mapping For Suitability Habitat of Rafflesia rochussenii Teijsm. et Binn. in Tapos Resort Mounts Gede Pangrango National Park



The research was carried out in Tapos Resort Mounts Gede Pangrango National Park (MGPNP). This study was aimed to identify physical factors which highly influence habitat suitability of R. rochussenii, to determine habitat suitability model and develop spatial mapp of habitat suitability area of the species. The research used physical variables of the habitat as follows : altitude, slope, LAI (Leaf Area Index) and distance from river. Spatial analysis was conducted using ArcGIS 9.3 and Erdas Imagine 9.1 softwares, while photo analysis to determine LAI was done using Hemiview 2.1. Model weighting were determined using Principal Component Analysis. Based on the Principal Component Analysis, three principal components with characteristic vectors 1.358; 1.079 and 0.908 were obtained. Pysical habitat factors which gave significant effect on habitat suitability model were slope and altitude. The following was the model used to determine habitat suitability in Tapos Resort MGPNP : Habitat suitability cumulative (Y) = (1.358 x Slope) + (1.079 x LAI) + (1.079 x Dintance from river) + (0.908 x Altitude). The result showed that there were 289.44 ha of high suitability habitat; 623.34 ha of medium suitability habitat and 213.75 ha of low suitability habitat. It was concluded that the habitat suitability map of R. rochussenii can be accepted with validation score of 96.26% for the high habitat suitability.

Keywords: mapping, habitat, Rafflesia rochussenii, Mounts Gede Pangrango National Park.


Tinggalkan Balasan

Alamat email Anda tidak akan dipublikasikan. Ruas yang wajib ditandai *

Inspiring Innovation with Integrity in Agriculture, Ocean and Biosciences for Sustainable World